Laura Zenith,Neha Meena,Ailar Ramadi,Milad Yavari,Harvey,Michelle Carbonneau,Mang Ma,Juan G. Abraldes,Ian Paterson,Mark J. Haykowsky, b,Puneeta Tandon
Patients with cirrhosis have reduced exercise tolerance, measured objectively as decreased peak exercise oxygen uptake (peak VO2). Reduced peak VO2 is associated with decreased survival time. The effect of aerobic exercise training on peak VO2 has not been well studied in patients with cirrhosis. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of 8 weeks of supervised exercise on peak VO2, quadriceps muscle thickness, and quality of life.
In a prospective pilot study, stable patients (79% male, 57.6 ± ۶٫۷ years old) with Child–Pugh class A or B cirrhosis (mean Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score, 10 ± ۲٫۲) were randomly assigned to groups that received exercise training (n = ۹) or usual care (controls, n = ۱۰) at the University of Alberta Hospital in Canada from February through June 2013. Supervised exercise was performed on a cycle ergometer 3 days/week for 8 weeks at 60%–۸۰% of baseline peak VO2. Peak VO2, quadriceps muscle thickness (measured by ultrasound), thigh circumference, answers from Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaires, EQ-visual analogue scales, 6-minute walk distance, and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease scores were evaluated at baseline and at week 8. Analysis of covariance was used to compare variables.
At week 8, peak VO2 was 5.3 mL/kg/min higher in the exercise group compared with controls (95% confidence interval, 2.9–۷٫۸; P = .۰۰۱). Thigh circumference (P = .۰۰۱), thigh muscle thickness (P = .۰۱), and EQ-visual analogue scale determined self-perceived health status (P = .۰۱) was also significantly higher in the exercise group compared with controls at week 8; fatigue subscores of the Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaires were lower in the exercise group compared with controls (P = .۰۱). No adverse events occurred during cardiopulmonary exercise testing or training.
In a controlled prospective pilot trial, 8 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise training increased peak VO2 and muscle mass and reduced fatigue in patients with cirrhosis. No relevant adverse effects were observed. Larger trials are needed to evaluate the effects of exercise in patients with cirrhosis
keywords: Liver Disease;Fibrosis;Clinical Trial;Cardiovascular